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List of Medical Billing and Coding Jobs in the US

Medical billing and coding jobs in the United States is a growing trend. While some believe that the two positions are one in the same, they are two entirely different positions. Do they often overlap? Yes. However, before we go there, let’s take a look at the two positions separately.

Medical Billing

Medical billing is the process of not only submitting but also following up on claims with health insurance companies. This is in order to receive payment for services rendered by a healthcare provider. In other words, medical billing translates a healthcare service into a billing claim.

Medical Billing – Job Description

The job of the medical biller is to initiate and follow through on a claim. This is in order to make sure the medical facility receives proper payment for the work that the providers performed. The day-to-day duties of a medical biller can vary with the size of the work facility. The biller is generally in charge of not only following through on claims but to initiate them. This is done by assembling all the data concerning the bill. This data can include:

  • Charge Entry
  • Claims Transmission
  • Payment Posting
  • Insurance Follow-Up
  • Patient Follow-Up

Medical Billers don’t only work with the insurance companies. They also work alongside physicians and other healthcare professionals in order to obtain additional information on the patient, the treatments provided and even clarifying a patient’s diagnoses.

They must also know and fully understand how to read medical records. Also be familiar with CPT, HCPSC Level II, and ICD-10-CM codes.

Here’s a Video on The Medical Billing Job Description

Medical Billing – Education

Medical Billers are generally required to have a minimum of a high school diploma or GED. Although, some employers require a minimum of an associate degree or higher.

There’s no industry standard when it comes to educational requirements to become a medical biller.

Many employers expect prospective hires to have some level of educational background in the following areas:

  • Medical Terminology
  • Health Information Technology
  • Computer Systems
  • Coding Systems
  • Statistics
  • Communication Skills

There are a few professional certificates available, and those require specific courses. But these certificates aren’t always required. However, they can help a medical biller obtain certain jobs or advancements.

Some organizations to look into for certification include:

  • The Healthcare Financial Management Association
  • The American Academy of Professional Coders
  • The American Health Information Management Association

Medical Billing – Annual Salary

The annual salary for a medical biller averages out to around $36,733 per year. Overall experience in the occupation plays a big factor in this number as an entry level biller with less than five years of experience can expect to ear around $30,000 annually. Alternatively, a medical biller with 20 or more years in the industry can expect somewhere closer to $38,000 annually.

Medical Coding

While most people lump medical billing and medical coding together, they are two different job titles. Where medical billers take the coding and translate it into a bill that they follow up on for reimbursement of services rendered, medical coding is the transformation of those procedures and diagnosis into universal medical alphanumeric codes.

Medical Coding – Job Description

The daily task for medical coders includes reviewing clinical statements and assigning standard codes to practices, procedures, and diagnoses by using the CPT, ICD-10-CM, and HCPCS Level II classification systems.

Patient’s Medical Record

Medical coders will refer to a patient’s medical record and will not only assign each procedure, lab and diagnoses a code. They will also abstract the information, verify that the work was actually done, and then work alongside the medical biller (if they do not work as the biller themselves, which is not uncommon), to ensure that invoices are paid properly and on time.

Some medical coders also audit and re-file appeals when an insurance claim is denied. This may require them to not only step into the role of educator to medical providers to make sure they are using the appropriate codes that follow federal mandates and compliance, but they may also have to speak on behalf of both the provider and the patient when it comes to discussing coverage and medical necessities for insurance companies.

A Video on  “Medical Coding” – What Is It?

Medical Coding – Education

While there are some cases of medical coders learning on the job, most receive their training through a vocational school or community college either online or in a traditional classroom. These programs often award a certificate, diploma or associate degree for successful completion.

Medical coders need to have a solid understanding of not only medical terminology and codes but also needs to be able to properly and efficiently use the given software packages used for billing purposes and have an understanding of procedures used by Medicare and other major insurance companies.

Much like a medical biller, the medical coding specialist will want to have the following coursework under their belt:

  • Medical Terminology
  • Health Information Technology
  • Computer Systems
  • Coding Systems
  • Statistics
  • Communication Skills

While many states exercise little or no regulatory authority over coders, voluntary certifications are one way to help a medical coder stand out. Some jobs even require professional certifications.

Some organizations to look into for certification include:

  • The American Association of Professional Coders (AAPC)
  • The American Health Information Management Association
  • The National Healthcareer Association

A Video on What is a medical coding and how do I become certified?

Medical Coding – Annual Salary

The average annual salary for a medical coder rounds out to around $40,236 per year. Much like medical billing, a medical coder’s salary is highly impacted by their overall experience in the profession. For someone just starting out in the occupation and with under five years of experience, they can expect to earn an average of $34,000 annually. Someone with 20 plus years of experience as a medical coder can, however, expect to earn around $47,000 per year.

Medical Billing and Coding Jobs Titles

As previously stated, medical billing and coding are generally lumped together as one position. While a medical coder may also work as a medical biller, they are, technically, two different positions. So, when looking for a position as either one, a candidate can look up medical billing and coding jobs, or medical billing and medical coding separately.

Below, we have compiled a list of possible job titles that come up if a person were to search each occupation separately, and then if they searched them together. For the purpose of this little test, we used as it is one of the most popular jobs search sites used.

“Medical Billing Jobs” Search

For those looking to get into the medical billing career, not only should you consider professional certifications, but it could be beneficial to look into any studies or certifications included in medical coding. This could help a candidate look better versed to a prospective employer.

When looking up “medical billing jobs” online, indeed, there are currently over 15,200 “new” listings.

Some of the positions that fell under this category include the following:

  • Medical Billing Clerk
  • A Specialist on Medical Billing
  • Medical Billing Collector
  • Pharmacy Medical Biller
  • Medical Billing Liaison
  • Billing Associate

“Medical Coding Jobs” Search

For those looking to get a job in medical coding, it is important to keep in mind what training and certificates a candidate has. These play a big role in deciding where to start because some prospective employers want those that are well trained, especially if the candidate lacks professional experience.

When looking for medical coding jobs, the number of “new” listing on currently sits at over 26,400.

Some of the positions that fell under this category include the following:

  • Physician Practice Coding Coordinator
  • Certified Medical Audit Specialist
  • Coding Analyst
  • Medical Coder
  • A Medical Records Administrator
  • Medical Records Coder
  • The Medical Coding Auditor
  • Certified Coding Specialist

“Medical Billing and Coding Jobs” Search

Because many individuals looking for a job in this occupation have experience both in medical billing and coding, it is no surprise that a search online for “medical billing and coding jobs” would return well over 10,250 job postings, and that’s only “new” listings.

While that number may surprise some, individuals need to remember that when searching for both medical billing and coding jobs, employers are generally looking for a candidate with experience in both areas, not just one or the other.

Some of the positions that fell under this search category included the following:

  • Lead Medical Coder
  • Medical Billing and Coding Supervisor
  • Health Information Management Coder
  • Billing and Coding Support Coordinator
  • Medical Biller and Coder
  • The Specialist on Medical Billing
  • A Medical Coding Specialist
  • Coding Analyst
  • Medical Records Administrator
  • Denial/Appeal Rep-Insurance Follow UP
  • Customer Service Rep-Patient Account Specialist
  • Medical Billing and Coding Specialist
  • Certified and Experienced Medical Biller with Coding Experience

A Video on Are Medical Coding And Billing Jobs In Demand?

Occupational Outlook for Medical Billing and Coding Jobs

Medical billing and coding jobs fall under the occupation of medical records and health information technicians. Currently, employment of health information technicians is projected to grow by 13% from 2016 to 2026.

That being said, the current job trends in this occupation look promising. With the proper education, certifications, and training, this could be a viable option for many in the years to come.


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